Arch Linux quick start guide
Installing Arch Linux is not really that lengthy as the wiki makes it seem to be. What makes the official installation guide daunting is that it tries to keep track of every little aspect that could be relevant in obscure or rare situations. It provides a good reference manual for those who already have some experience with Arch Linux, but this puts those who lack experience in an uncomfortable position. To learn more about the installation process to understand the official guide better it is required to finish an installation at least once.
That is where this quick start guide comes into play. Instead of looking at all possible scenarios the scope is much more narrow, limited to a virtual machine. It makes the whole installation process more clear by limiting all the executed commands to a single overview.
This quick start guide assumes the use of a ‘Linux, Other Linux (64-bit)’ VirtualBox virtual machine or a ‘Other Linux 4.x or later kernel 64-bit’ VMware virtual machine. The machine has two Ethernet adapters: one connected to a NAT-based internet connection, the other to a bridged network on a physical network interface. This is to clarify the difference between using DHCP and using a static IP address.
Boot using the latest Arch Linux ISO image.
# Partition and format local storage, and install Arch Linux echo -ne "o\nn\n\n\n\n\na\nw\n" | fdisk /dev/sda mkfs.btrfs /dev/sda1 mount /dev/sda1 /mnt btrfs subvolume create /mnt/root umount /mnt mount -o subvol=root /dev/sda1 /mnt #For VirtualBox: pacstrap /mnt base linux grub btrfs-progs sudo openssh \ virtualbox-guest-modules-arch virtualbox-guest-utils-nox #For VMware: pacstrap /mnt base linux grub btrfs-progs sudo openssh open-vm-tools # Make the system bootable genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab arch-chroot /mnt grub-install --target=i386-pc /dev/sda grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg # Configure date/time and localization settings ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Amsterdam /etc/localtime systemctl enable systemd-timesyncd.service sed -i -E 's/^#(en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8)/\1/' /etc/locale.gen echo "LANG=en_US.UTF-8" > /etc/locale.conf locale-gen # Configure network settings echo "archlinux" > /etc/hostname echo "127.0.0.1 localhost" >> /etc/hosts echo "::1 localhost" >> /etc/hosts echo "127.0.1.1 archlinux.localdomain archlinux" >> /etc/hosts echo "[Match]" > /etc/systemd/network/ens32-nat.network echo "Name=ens32" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens32-nat.network echo "" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens32-nat.network echo "[Network]" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens32-nat.network echo "DHCP=yes" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens32-nat.network echo "[Match]" > /etc/systemd/network/ens33-bridge.network echo "Name=ens33" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens33-bridge.network echo "" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens33-bridge.network echo "[Network]" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens33-bridge.network echo "Address=192.168.1.1/24" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens33-bridge.network echo "#Gateway=" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens33-bridge.network echo "#DNS=" >> /etc/systemd/network/ens33-bridge.network # Disable DNSSEC if it is not supported by the DNS server echo "DNSSEC=no" >> /etc/systemd/resolved.conf systemctl enable systemd-networkd systemctl enable systemd-resolved # Configure local user accounts passwd sed -i -E 's/^# (%wheel ALL=\(ALL\) ALL)/\1/' /etc/sudoers useradd -m -G wheel -s /bin/bash myusername passwd myusername # Enable OpenSSH server systemctl enable sshd # Enable virtual machine guest tools # For VirtualBox: systemctl enable vboxservice # For VMware: systemctl enable vmtoolsd systemctl enable vmware-vmblock-fuse # Create a snapshot of the freshly installed system mkdir /.snapshots btrfs subvolume snapshot -r / /.snapshots/system-installed # Wrap up and restart history -c && exit sync umount /mnt reboot
Change the time zone, network configuration and ‘myusername’ to what suits you best. Also double check the names of the network interfaces, for example by using
At the time of writing the total download size (aside of the ISO image) is around 280 MB for 162 packages, and the total installation size is around 1100 MB.
- If you install the operating system bare-metal, the VirtualBox and VMware packages can be skipped, of course.
- If you need wireless network support, add the packages
pacstrapcommand, which make initial configuration easier by offering
wifi-menuin the freshly installed operating system. Make sure to stop
systemd-resolved, and start
netctlwhen using it.
- A quick one-liner to get a graphical user-interface on a system with an Intel graphics adapter:
pacman -S xorg xf86-vide-intel mesa sddm plasma-meta && systemctl enable sddm && systemctl start sddm. Note that this can increase your installation size by 1700 MB or more. Add package
kdebase-metato install some common graphical applications (a file manager, a terminal emulator, a text editor, etc.).
- To support easy network configuration in a graphical user environment and using
systemd-resolved. Enable and start
NetworkManager. Add the required widget to the taskbar through Panel options -> Add Widgets -> Networks.